泰山介绍

2016-12-09 10:45:49

      泰山,位于山东省东部,华北大平原的东侧,面积426平方公里,主峰玉皇顶海拔高度为1545(1532)米。泰山融雄伟壮丽的自然风光与悠久灿烂的历史文化于一体,她是中国首例世界文化与自然双遗产、世界地质公园、首批全国文明风景旅游区、首批国家5A级旅游景区。
      泰山以气势雄伟著称于世,形体高大,拔地通天,基础宽广,安稳厚重。景色千姿百态,悬崖峭壁,深沟峡谷,奇峰怪石,林海松涛,泉飞鸟鸣……并形成旭日东升、云海玉盘、碧霞宝光、晚霞夕照等独特的自然奇观。
      泰山自古就有神山、圣山、“五岳独尊”的称誉,是四海一统、国泰民安的象征。数千年来,封建帝王封禅告祭,文人名士登临抒怀,儒释道观和合共处,平民百姓顶礼膜拜,使之成为中华民族的精神家园。更有三大断裂、科马提岩、醉心石等奇特地质构造,岱庙、南天门、碧霞祠等巧夺天工的古代建筑杰作,秦刻石、经石峪、唐摩崖等历代名贵石刻,秦松、汉柏、唐槐等珍稀古树名木……这些,有机地将自然景观与人文景观融合为一体。一条从山下直通极顶长达九公里的中轴线,凭藉7000级石阶把天、地、人贯穿为一个完整的序列,从而成为人类投入大自然的通天之路。
      泰山,一座一万年堆积的自然宝库;
      泰山,一轴百万年续展的历史长卷;
      泰山,一阙七千阶谱写的朝天神曲;
      泰山,一幢五千年镌刻的文化丰碑。
      泰山,中华民族精神的家园,欢迎您到泰山来!

     Mount Tai locates in the middle part of Shandong province spanning two cities (Tai’an city and Jinan city) with total area of 426 square kilometers. Mount Tai was called Daizong (means the principal mountain of China) in ancient time and then was renamed as Mount Tai in Spring and Autumn Dynasty went by the name of Dongyue (the Sacred Mountain of East China) that ranks No.1 among the five most important mountains in China. In 1987, Mount Tai was listed as Cultural and Natural World Heritage site and honored “World Geopark” in 2006. In China, Mount Tai is among the first group of “National Parks of China”, the state 5A-class tourist attraction, the top 10 best National Civilized Spot in China.

    Mount Tai is well known for its spectacular, grandness, elevation, width, steadiness and massiness. The typical character of natural scenery of Mount Tai is imposing, steepy, surprising, serene, secluded, profound, and spacious. The picturesque of the Mount Tai has various sceneries like cragged cliff, deep canyon and gorge, grotesque peak and strange rocks, luxuriant vegetation and the flowing springs and twittering birds…. The mountain also has the unique marvelous wonders: the rising sun at dawn, the jade plate of sea of clouds, the aura appearing around Bixia Temple, rosy clouds at sunset etc.

    Since ancient time, Mount Tai is recognized as holy and sacred Mountain and held the accolade as “Most Revered of the Five Sacred Mountains”. Furthermore, Mount Tai symbolized the peaceful life and unified country. Four thousands of years, more than a dozen emperors paid their homage to the mountain. Vast quantities of poetry and stone inscriptions were left by emperors, poets and scholars of every era. Confucians and Taoists coexist harmoniously on the mountain. And civilians worshiped the mountain with sincere esteem. In other words, the Mount Tai has becomes the symbol of Chinese spirit. There are also peculiar geologic structures as three grand fracture layers, Komatiite rocks and Zuixin Stone (a swirl shaped allgovite rocks); masterpieces of ancient constructions as Dai Temple, Nantian Gate, Bi Xia temple; precious stone inscriptions of past dynasties as Qin dynasty stone inscriptions, inscriptions rocks of the Diamond Sutra, cliffs with inscriptions of Tang dynasty; ancient trees like pine trees of Qin Dynasty, cypress of Han Dynasty (about 1800 years ago), locust tree of Tang Dynasty(about 1200 years ago). All the above syncretize and integrate nature scenery and human culture. 7000 stone stairs which runs 9 kilometers long through the mountain from the foot to the zenith looks like the axes of Mount Tai integrating earth, heaven and human as a whole and thus is a road for human beings to heaven. Because of the unique integration of human civilization and natural landscape, Mount Tai is respected by billions of Chinese people and becomes famous all over the world as well as treasurable heritage of panhuman.

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